"After my athletic injury, I had met with several doctors in the Northern Virginia area… many were quick to diagnose, quick to jump into surgery, and quick to misdiagnose. Dr. Pontell not only examined my foot via MRI, Xray, Ultrasound and in person – he explained EVERYTHING to me... After completely healing, at 38 years old I can run longer, and run faster than I ever had been able to run before – even before my injury. I’m in the best shape of my life. I tell everyone all the time that I am able to do what I do because of him - my foot he reconstructed is a million times stronger than my uninjured foot." -A.D.
"I went to Dr. Hallivis based on his reputation and his extensive experience. He definitely stood up to his reputation. He was professional, friendly, approachable and knew everything there was to know about my problem. He treated me and my pain resolved in 2 days. His office ran on time and his staff was warm and helpful. I would recommend him to anyone with a foot problem.” - M.H.
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, doctors have noticed an increase in the number and severity of broken ankles since the 1970s, due, in part, to the Baby Boomer generation being active throughout every stage of their lives.
The ankle has two joints, one on top of the other, and three bones. A broken ankle can involve one or more of the bones, as well as injury to the surrounding connecting tissues or ligaments.
There are a wide variety of causes for broken ankles, most commonly a fall, an automobile accident, or sports-related trauma. Because a severe sprain can often mask the symptoms of a broken ankle, every ankle injury should be examined by a physician.
Symptoms of a broken ankle include:
- Immediate and severe pain.
- Inability to put any weight on the injured foot.
- Tenderness to the touch.
- Deformity, particularly if there is a dislocation or a fracture.
The treatment for a broken ankle usually involves a leg cast or brace if the fracture is stable. If the ligaments are also torn, or if the fracture created a loose fragment of bone that could irritate the joint, surgery may be required to secure the bones in place so they will heal properly.
Osteochondromas are benign bone tumors that form in the bone beneath the toenail. Osteochondromas account for about half of all benign bone tumors and occur mostly in children and young adults. Unless they cause irritation to the surrounding tissue, they are generally not painful.
In some cases, osteochondromas may cause a deformity in the toenail or lead to an ingrown toenail. When problematic, osteochondromas may be removed surgically. However, they can recur after the procedure.
Shin splints refer to pain on either side of the leg bone that is caused by muscle or tendon inflammation. The problem is usually related to a collapsing arch, but may be caused by a muscle imbalance between opposing muscle groups in the leg.
Proper stretching before and after exercise and sports, corrective shoes, or orthotics (corrective shoe inserts) can help prevent shin splints.
Many sports are hard on the feet because of quick repetitive movements, constricting footwear, and/or increased exposure to injury or trauma. Following is a brief overview of some of the most common injuries that result from particular sports.
Martial Arts and Kickboxing
Injuries commonly seen as a result of martial arts and kickboxing include plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, sesamoiditis, and ankle sprains. Stretching is recommended to help prevent injury. Specifically, a minimum of 15 minutes of stretching before performing any kicking or punching.
Impact forces from aerobics can reach up to six times the force of gravity, which is transmitted to each of the 26 bones in the foot. That is why proper shoes are crucial to successful, injury-free aerobics. Shoes should provide sufficient cushioning and shock absorption to compensate for pressure on the foot many times greater than found in walking. They must also have good medial-lateral stability.
Activities such as football, baseball, basketball, soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse often lead to ankle injuries as a result of play on artificial surfaces, improper footwear, and/or inadequate stretching.